The hottest new energy has gradually become a must

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With the rapid development of the world economy, the energy crisis and environmental pollution have become the focus of the international community in the 21st century. How to alleviate the contradiction between economic development and energy and environment, new energy provides us with a new choice. It will become a sword to solve the problems of China and the world, and lead the world into the era of strong growth of new energy economy

EU: policy support for new energy industry

● legislative means to promote the development of new energy

in 2001, the EU passed legislation to promote renewable energy power generation. In March, 2007, the European Union adopted a package agreement on energy and climate change, which plans to achieve renewable energy accounting for 20% of total energy consumption by 2020. According to the agreement, the EU passed new renewable energy legislation in April 2009, assigning the overall goals to Member States, and requiring member states to formulate national plans for implementation by June 30 this year

● the quantity of price support requires a two pronged approach

in order to encourage the use of renewable energy for power generation, the EU subsidies can be roughly divided into two categories. One is price support. The most typical example is the fixed electricity price system first implemented in Germany. The other is the quantity requirement, which stipulates that power suppliers must ensure that a certain proportion of electric energy comes from renewable energy. The "green certificate" system in Britain is representative in this regard. For enterprises that use renewable energy for power generation, they will obtain tradable green certificates according to the amount of power generation, while power generation enterprises that fail to meet the quantity requirements need to purchase green certificates from the market

● take multiple measures such as tax reduction and loan preference at the same time

in addition to the two main ways of price support and quantity requirements, EU countries also promote the development of new energy industry through tax relief, loan preference and cash subsidies. For example, in some EU countries, enterprises that use renewable energy to generate electricity can be exempted from carbon emission tax. The "clean energy cash back program" introduced by the British government in February this year stipulates that families who install solar panels and micro windmills will receive subsidies

comments: for the European Union, which is lack of traditional energy, the development of renewable energy is not only a "key" to meet the future energy demand, but also a "sharp weapon" to achieve the greenhouse gas emission reduction target and seize the commanding height of the "green economy". In order to promote the development of new energy industry, EU countries have introduced a variety of subsidy policies to support, but the "green barriers" built by these subsidy policies should also be vigilant

United States: adjust policies to promote the development of new energy

● promote the new energy industry by various means

first, the United States formulates energy policies through legislation to guide the use of energy. Preferential energy policies are mainly in the form of fiscal incentives. Secondly, the U.S. government has taken preferential measures towards new energy in terms of budget funds. On May 7 this year, the government launched the budget of the Ministry of energy for the fiscal year 2010, with us $26.4 billion for the energy efficiency and Renewable Energy Bureau of the Ministry of energy. Thirdly, the United States also provides subsidies for bioenergy and tax breaks for consumers to buy new energy products. In addition, the US government attaches great importance to basic research

● the energy policy has not achieved much so far.

although the support plan for the development of the energy industry in the bill introduced last year is very detailed, judging from the current situation that the U.S. economic recovery can save up to 50% of water and power, its goal of boosting the economy through the development of the energy industry is far from being achieved. In the first quarter of 2010, the GDP growth rate of the United States was 2.7%. Finding the decisive factor that determines the performance and precision of the experimental machine is the key to improve the efficiency and quality of the experimental machine, while the GDP growth rate slowed to 1.7% in the second quarter. Economists predict that although the U.S. economy has resumed growth for four consecutive quarters, the growth rate is not enough to significantly reduce the still high unemployment rate, and the U.S. economy will continue to operate at a low speed in the third quarter

● energy policy is facing adjustment

Obama recently said that the adjustment of energy policy will be put in the "top priority" next year. He stressed that the adjusted energy policy will no longer be included in a bill as before, but a package of policies. It can be seen that the Obama administration did not give up its efforts to revitalize the economy through the development of the energy sector, but hoped to continue to implement the energy strategy through adjustment under the condition that the previous energy policy had poor results in revitalizing the economy, especially in creating jobs

comments: the United States vigorously promotes the new energy strategy, hopes to develop the new energy industry through which to revitalize the U.S. economy and build the new energy industry into a new growth point of the U.S. economy in the future. A key point of the new energy subsidy policy of the United States is to subsidize the consumer, which can effectively avoid the trade disputes that may be caused by the subsidy to measure the supplier and export enterprises through force sensors, amplifiers and data processing systems

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