The hottest new energy industry has a good develop

  • Detail

The new energy industry has a good momentum of development and faces six major challenges

the major change of thinking for the development of clean energy in China will accelerate the process of energy transformation characterized by efficiency, cleanness, diversification and intelligence

compared with developed countries, the development of China's new energy industry started late, but since it was listed as a strategic emerging industry, with the support of policy, market, technology, capital and so on, China's new energy industry has developed rapidly, and it has completed the process from starting to being the first in the world within 10 years

according to the statistical data of the "analysis report on the development prospects and investment strategic planning of the new energy industry" released by the forward looking Industry Research Institute, by the end of 2017, China's installed capacity of wind power was about 180 GW, and the installed capacity of photovoltaic power was about 120 GW, both ranking first in the world. As China's economy enters the new normal and society enters a new era, the development of China's new energy industry will also face new situations and challenges in the future, which puts forward higher requirements for the development of China's new energy industry and has a profound impact

facing six challenges

the challenge of accurately measuring the actual impact resistance of experimental products faced by China's new energy industry comes from both international and domestic factors

1. The acceleration of global energy reform and energy transformation

in the context of the intensification of global climate change, especially after the international financial crisis in 2008, in order to seek new drivers of economic growth and ensure the security of energy supply, countries have stepped up their own energy reform and energy transformation, and vigorously strengthened the development and utilization of new energy. As of 2016, more than 50 countries and regions have formulated incentive policies for the development of new energy industry. At present, the new energy industry has become a new driving force to promote the economic development of many countries in the world, and has also become the commanding point of a new round of international competition. 1. Before the pressure testing machine is used, it must be checked and competitive

Thus, various design changes appear for automobile manufacturers and direct suppliers

2. The international division of labor in the new energy industry is gradually deepened

at present, developed countries are in the leading position in the international division of labor in the new energy industry, and control the core technology of the industry, while China, Brazil, India and other emerging economies are forming a catch-up trend with their advantages in price and scale, and will change the global production of new energy Export and consumer market structure. However, these emerging economies' participation in the international division of labor is mainly concentrated in the manufacturing links with high energy consumption, serious environmental pollution and relatively labor-intensive, and continue to act as the "world manufacturing factory" of some new energy products and equipment

3. The integration of the global new energy industry has accelerated, cross-border mergers and acquisitions have increased, and international competition has intensified.

with the gradual maturity of new energy industry technology and the growth of demand, the technology diffusion of the global new energy industry has accelerated. For example, in the photovoltaic industry, although European and American countries still have technological advantages, most of the technologies in the industry have entered an open state, except for the monopoly in the preparation of thin-film cells and silicon materials. Technology diffusion has driven the international development of the new energy industry, and more and more enterprises from countries and regions have joined the new energy industry chain, resulting in the following results: on the one hand, competition has intensified, the cost and profit levels of all links in the industry chain have been significantly reduced, and the integration of the new energy industry has accelerated. On the other hand, it provides opportunities for cross-border mergers and acquisitions, and the new energy industry has gradually become a hot field of cross-border mergers and acquisitions

4. The major contradiction in the domestic energy industry has undergone a fundamental change

the report of the 19th CPC National Congress pointed out that the major contradiction in China's society has been transformed into the contradiction between the growing needs of the people for a better life and unbalanced and insufficient development. This contradiction transformation is also fully reflected in the energy field. Previously, the main contradiction in China's energy sector was the contradiction between the "growing energy demand" and insufficient energy supply, that is, the security of energy supply. After years of construction, China's energy development has made considerable progress, the ability to ensure energy supply has been greatly improved, coupled with the continuous improvement of energy efficiency, remarkable results have been achieved in energy conservation and consumption reduction, and the overall tension between supply and demand has been basically eliminated. After entering the new era, the construction of ecological civilization and a beautiful China has received unprecedented attention. Society requires not only the satisfaction of energy demand, but also cleaner and lower carbon energy utilization, that is, higher requirements for the quality of energy supply. Therefore, the main contradiction of China's energy industry in the new era will be the contradiction between the growing needs of people for a better life and the imbalance and insufficiency of internal energy supply. The transformation of this contradiction provides opportunities for the development of new energy industry, and the next period will be the acceleration period of China's new energy development

5. Changes in development strategies and ideas have a profound impact on the utilization and development of new energy

since the 18th CPC National Congress, the CPC Central Committee has placed high-quality economic growth and ecological civilization construction in a prominent position, and has successively put forward many top-level designs and major strategic measures, such as "energy revolution" and "supply side structural reform". This major change in development strategy and concept will drive a series of changes in the development strategy, concept and policy orientation of China's energy sector, including new energy, and profoundly affect the utilization and development of new energy. For example, the essence of the "energy revolution" is the replacement of the main energy or the fundamental transformation of its development and utilization mode. The main feature is the clean and low-carbon development of energy supply and consumption, and the goal is to build a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient modern energy system, which means that China's energy has changed its major thinking towards cleaner development, and the energy transformation process characterized by efficiency, cleanness, diversification and intelligence will be accelerated. The "supply side structural reform" in the energy sector must take improving supply quality and meeting effective demand as the fundamental goal, take reducing ineffective supply, expanding effective supply and optimizing supply structure as the main direction, comply with the needs of green and low-carbon economic development, focus on solving the shortage of new energy power generation and energy storage technology and the phenomenon of "abandoning wind and light", vigorously adjust the structure of energy products, and promote the sustainable development of new energy

6. The advantages and disadvantages of promoting the development of new energy industry coexist

the advantages include: the government has a strong determination to promote green development and develop clean energy, governments at all levels attach great importance to it, and the demand for new energy continues to increase; The Chinese government has made a commitment to reach the peak of China's carbon emissions by 2030, and set a strategic goal to increase the proportion of non fossil energy consumption to 20% by 2030. The setting and Realization of these indicators will urge the government to develop new energy, thereby reducing its dependence on coal, and will greatly promote the consumption and utilization of new energy; The rapid development of new energy, the continuous upgrading of industry and the continuous enhancement of independent innovation ability in China have laid a good foundation for the competition between new energy and traditional energy

adverse factors include: as China's economy enters the new normal, the mode of energy development changes from extensive growth to intensive growth, and the growth of energy consumption slows down. New energy will face competition with traditional energy dominated by coal; The high cost of new energy industry and the lack of market competitiveness lead to the difficulty of clean energy substitution, such as "replacing coal with gas" and "replacing coal with electricity"; The system and mechanism have not been straightened out, the problems of abandoning wind and light in some regions are serious, and the new energy industry chain has developed abnormally

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI